EOS vs Ethereum vs Neo: A Comprehensive Comparison

EOS is known for high TPS, Ethereum is best suitable for DApps and Smart contracts, and NEO is used for privacy-preserved digital identity.

Are you ready to enter the battle of the blockchain giants? In one corner, we have the mighty EOS, known for its lightning-fast transactions and scalable architecture. In another corner, we have the pioneer Ethereum, with its smart contract capabilities and extensive developer community.

And finally, we have the rising star Neo, with its focus on digitizing real-world assets and fostering a smart economy. These three blockchain platforms have been vying for dominance in the crypto space, each with its own unique strengths and vision for the future.

But what sets them apart? Which one is the best fit for your needs? Join us as we delve into the exciting world of blockchain platforms and explore the key differences between “EOS vs Ethereum vs Neo“.

Key Takeaways:

  1. EOS boasts a Delegated Proof-of-Stake (DPoS) consensus algorithm, delivering high transaction speeds of 4,000+ transactions per second (TPS), and scalability through horizontal and vertical scaling. It primarily focuses on enterprise adoption.
  2. Ethereum utilizes Proof-of-Stake (PoS) but faces scalability challenges during peak usage. However, it maintains the largest ecosystem for decentralized applications (dApps), decentralized finance (DeFi), and tokenization.
  3. Neo relies on a Delegated Byzantine Fault Tolerance (dBFT) consensus algorithm, providing a transaction speed of 10,000+ TPS, and emphasizes digital identity and government partnerships.

EOS vs Ethereum vs Neo: Comparison

Key PointsEOSEthereumNeo
Launch Year201820152014
Consensus AlgorithmDelegated Proof-of-Stake (DPoS)Proof-of-Stake (PoS)Delegated Byzantine Fault Tolerance (dBFT)
Transaction Speed4,000+ transactions per second (TPS)15-30 transactions per second (TPS)10,000+ transactions per second (TPS)
ScalabilityHighly scalable with horizontal and vertical scalingScalability issues with increasing gas feesScalable with high throughput and low latency
Smart Contract LanguageEOSIO.CDT (C++-like language)Solidity (Ethereum-specific)NEO VM (supports multiple languages)
GovernanceDPoS-based with 21 block producers elected by token holdersDecentralizeddBFT-based with consensus nodes approved by NEO holders
TokenEOSEther (ETH)NEO
Use CasesDecentralized applications (dApps) and enterprise solutionsDecentralized finance (DeFi), dApps, and digital assetsdApps, digital identity, and digital assets
EOS vs Ethereum vs Neo: comparison table

What is EOS?


EOS is a blockchain platform designed to provide decentralized applications (dApps) with a scalable, fast, and low-cost environment for building and deploying blockchain-based applications.

EOS was developed by Block.one and launched in June 2018 as an open-source blockchain protocol. In the EOS network, block producers are elected by token holders to validate transactions and create new blocks.

The top 21 block producers with the most votes have the authority to produce blocks. The standby block producers are ready to step in if any of the top 21 producers fail to fulfill their responsibilities.

Key Features of EOS

  1. EOS uses Delegated Proof of Stake for fast transaction throughput and efficient block production.
  2. It uses a resource allocation model for predictable resource usage and cost-effective dApps.
  3. EOS is designed to be interoperable with other blockchains, facilitating cross-chain interactions.

What is Ethereum [ETH]?


Ethereum blockchain is designed to be open, transparent, and permissionless, allowing anyone to participate in the network and build applications.

It was proposed by Vitalik Buterin in late 2013 and the mainnet was launched in July 2015. It is the second-largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization after Bitcoin.

Ethereum has been a catalyst for the growth of the decentralized finance (DeFi) movement, with numerous DeFi protocols providing services such as lending, borrowing, staking, and yield farming. Ethereum also hosts a significant number of non-fungible tokens (NFTs).

Key Features of Ethereum

  1. Ethereum supports meta-transactions, which are transactions that can be initiated and paid for by a third party on behalf of the transaction sender.
  2. It enables the creation and operation of Decentralized Autonomous Organizations (DAOs).
  3. The Ethereum Difficulty Bomb, also known as the “Ice Age,” is designed to “freeze” the Ethereum PoW chain, making it unviable for mining, and pushing the network towards the Ethereum 2.0 PoS upgrade.

What is Neo [NEO]?


Neo, also known as Antshares, is a blockchain platform that was founded in 2014 by Da Hongfei and Erik Zhang. Neo is often referred to as the “Chinese Ethereum” as it shares similarities with the Ethereum blockchain.

It aims to create a smart economy by combining blockchain technology with digital assets, digital identity, and smart contracts to enable a new generation of decentralized applications.

Neo has built-in digital identity capabilities that allow users to register, own, and manage their digital identities on the blockchain. This makes Neo suitable for applications that require identity verification, such as decentralized finance (DeFi), supply chain management, and digital asset ownership.

Key Features

  1. NeoX is a feature of Neo that aims to enable interoperability between different blockchains. It allows for cross-chain communication and asset transfer between Neo and other compatible blockchains.
  2. NeoFS is a decentralized file storage system developed by Neo. It uses a distributed network of nodes to store and retrieve files, providing data privacy and redundancy.
  3. NeoFSM, which stands for Finite State Machine, is a feature of Neo that allows developers to implement stateful smart contracts.
  4. Neo’s blockchain is divided into two tiers – the consensus layer and the smart contract layer. The consensus layer is responsible for achieving consensus among bookkeepers, while the smart contract layer handles the execution of smart contracts.

EOS vs Ethereum vs Neo: Technical Differences

One of the most important factors in comparing cryptocurrencies is the technology they use. Here, we will examine several aspects of the technology used by EOS, Ethereum, and Neo.

Consensus Mechanism

The consensus mechanism is the process by which transactions are validated and added to the blockchain.

EOS uses a delegated proof-of-stake (DPoS) consensus mechanism, which involves a small group of validators, known as “block producers,” who are elected by EOS token holders.

This allows for fast transaction processing and high scalability, as the block producers can reach consensus quickly and efficiently.

Ethereum currently uses a proof-of-Stake (PoS) consensus mechanism, which is more energy-efficient than PoW.

Neo uses a delegated Byzantine Fault Tolerance (dBFT) consensus mechanism. It is a hybrid of DPoS and traditional Byzantine Fault Tolerance. This allows for fast transaction processing and high scalability, as well as resistance to Byzantine Faults.

Transaction Speed

EOS has a claimed capacity of up to 4,000 transactions per second (TPS), making it one of the fastest blockchain platforms currently available.

Ethereum, on the other hand, has a capacity of around 15-25 TPS, which is much slower than EOS. Neo has a capacity of around 10,000 TPS, which is faster than Ethereum and EOS.

Smart Contracts

Smart contracts allow for the automated execution of agreements, eliminating the need for intermediaries and reducing costs. All three blockchain platforms we are comparing support smart contracts, but there are some differences in how they are implemented.

EOS uses a smart contract platform called EOSIO, which is designed to be flexible and easy to use. It supports multiple programming languages, including C++ and Rust, and offers a development environment that allows developers to test and deploy smart contracts quickly.

Ethereum is known for its robust smart contract capabilities, and many of the most popular decentralized applications are built on the Ethereum platform. It uses the Solidity programming language for smart contract development, which has a relatively steep learning curve but offers advanced features for creating complex contracts.

Neo also supports smart contracts, using a programming language called NeoContract. It consists of all popular languages including C#, JavaScript, Kotlin, Python, Java, and GO.


Scalability is a major issue for blockchain platforms, as they must be able to handle large volumes of transactions without slowing down or becoming unstable. All three platforms we are comparing have taken different approaches to addressing this issue.

EOS has focused heavily on scalability, using a DPoS consensus mechanism that allows for fast and efficient transaction throughput. It also offers horizontal scaling, which allows for the creation of multiple parallel chains that can handle even higher volumes of transactions.

Ethereum is struggling with its scalability issues because of more users and high network congestion. It is also exploring other scalability solutions, such as sharding, which involves dividing the blockchain into smaller, more manageable pieces.

There are many Layer-1 and Layer-2 scaling solutions built on top of Ethereum to increase its scalability. They use many technologies such as-

  1. zk-rollups and optimistic Rollups
  2. zkEVM
  3. Plasma
  4. State Channels
  5. Sharding

Neo’s dBFT consensus mechanism allows for fast and efficient transaction processing, and its architecture is designed to be scalable.

It also offers a feature called NeoX, which allows for cross-chain interoperability, enabling transactions to be processed across multiple blockchain platforms.


Security is a crucial consideration for any blockchain platform, as a single vulnerability or hack can result in significant losses for users. Here, we will compare the security features of EOS, Ethereum, and Neo.

EOS has a robust security model, with built-in features such as role-based permissions and an arbitration system for resolving disputes. It also offers bug bounties and other incentives to encourage developers to identify and report vulnerabilities.

Ethereum has experienced several high-profile security incidents in the past, such as the DAO hack in 2016. However, the platform has since implemented various security measures, such as the use of formal verification for smart contract codes.

Neo employs digital signatures to verify the authenticity and integrity of transactions and blocks. This ensures that only authorized parties can participate in the network and validate transactions.

Popular dApps on EOS, Ethereum, and Neo


EOS is known for its speed and scalability, which has made it an attractive platform for developers looking to build high-performance dApps.

Here are some of the most popular dApps built on EOS:

  • Voice: A social media platform that aims to provide users with greater control over their data and content.
  • Everipedia: A decentralized encyclopedia that allows users to create and edit articles.
  • Upland: It is a trading game that uses blockchain technology to secure ownership of virtual properties.
Ethereum TVL

Ethereum is perhaps the most popular blockchain platform for building decentralized applications, with a vast ecosystem of dApps and businesses.

Here are some of the most popular dApps built on Ethereum:

  • Uniswap: A decentralized exchange that allows users to trade cryptocurrencies without intermediaries.
  • Aave: It is a lending platform that allows users to borrow and lend cryptocurrencies.
  • CryptoKitties: A game that allows users to collect and breed digital cats.

Related: AAVE vs Maker vs compound


Neo is known for its simplicity and ease of use, which has made it an attractive platform for developers looking to build dApps for mainstream adoption.

Here are some of the most popular dApps built on Neo:

  • Switcheo: A decentralized exchange that allows users to trade cryptocurrencies.
  • Alchemint: It is a stablecoin platform that allows users to create and mint stablecoins backed by NEO.
  • Zeepin: The blockchain-based platform for the creative industries, such as art and design.

Final Thoughts: Which is better?

EOS, Ethereum, and Neo are all popular blockchain platforms with unique strengths and weaknesses. EOS is known for its speed and scalability, which has made it an attractive platform for high-performance dApps. Ethereum has the most extensive ecosystem of dApps and businesses, with a particular focus on decentralized finance (DeFi).

Neo, meanwhile, offers a simple and easy-to-use development environment, which has made it an attractive platform for dApps aimed at mainstream adoption.

The best platform for a particular dApp will depend on a range of factors, such as the need for speed, scalability, or ease of use.

It is also worth considering the size and growth of the community surrounding each platform, as well as the level of adoption in various industries.

Amit Chahar

Amit Chahar

Hey! I am Amit Chahar, a Crypto and blockchain content creator at Wallet Reviewer. With 3+ years of experience as a SEO content writer, I love talking about blockchain technology, digital assets, DeFi, Smart Contracts, DApps, Digital Wallets, Metaverse, and NFTs.

Want to hire me? Contact: hello@walletreviewer.com

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